History and memories of nazi-fascist deportations
About the Course
Around 40 thousand people living on the Italian soil suffered deportations between 1943 and 1945, ending up in the lagers of the Third Reich managed by the SS. After exhausting journeys, deprived of affections, their own name and their dignity, they were treated as non-humans, as objects: considered enemies, traitors, threats, "scum", "ballast", "degenerates" or "of an inferior race".
Moving from their testimonies we have built a course, open to everyone, that combines the memories of those events with the general history of Europe during World War II. Starting from the international context, we will face the mechanisms that allowed the rise and consolidation of fascism and nazism, with particular emphasis on how it was possible for these movements, born in the public squares and aimed "at the belly" of people, to create consensus and transform in institutionalized dictatorships.
We will go through the complex lager system, massified deportation planning, classification of "unwanted" categories and exploitation of prisoners as slaves. We will also talk about the consequences on the present times, the paths of continuity between fascist and the post-war institutions, aiming at discussing contemporary phenomena, such as denial, neo-negationism, revisionism, "divided memories", and post-fascism.
The course is created by Aned - National Association of Ex Deportees into Nazi camps and Laboratorio Lapsus.
Learning outcomesThe course aims at providing the fundamental elements of a basic literacy on Nazi-fascist deportations through the definition of a glossary and offering essencial historical coordinates for the contextualization of the phenomenon.
The user who completes the course will be able to describe the essential characteristics of Nazi-fascist deportations, to problematize the issue of the numbers of deportations, as well as identifying the lines that connect such period to the present day.
Merging historical content with the direct experience of survivors, the topic will be explored in a much more complex dimension, both logical / explanatory and empathic / emotional, stimulating a 360-degree understanding of the phenomenon.
Background and RequirementsA minimum knowledge of Italian and European contemporary history is recommended for a better understanding of the topic.
TextbooksIn the Index section there is a document filled with tools for an autonomous study of the topic.
At the end of each module there are chronological-thematic bibliographies aimed at specific age groups.